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Štrpce Municipal

Štrpce, BrezovicaŠtrpce Municipal Assembly was reestablished on August 10th 1988, after being repealed on December 31th 1965. Encompasses area of 247,36 km on northeast part of Šara Mountain, and upper part of Lepenac river valley, which is well known as Sirinić Valley. Municipal borders almost overlap with borders of Sirinić Valley. Border lines are made of the mountain massive of the north-east part of the Šara Mountain and its branches: Ošljak, Kodža Balkan, Žar and Jezerska Mountain. Municipality of Štrpce is mainly mountainous area, comprises regions from 900 meters above sea level in Lepenac river Valley up to 2500 meters above sea level at highest peak Ljuboten. Dominant mountain massifs are creating natural isolation of this municipality toward north and south, meanwhile by Brod canyon municipality is open toward Kosovo Valley, and through Prevalac toward Prizren Valley. In immediate neighborhood are municipalities of Uroševac, Kačanik, Suva Reka and Prizren, on the one side municipality is bordered by The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

Area of the municipality and its center Štrpce have relatively favorable location comparing cities and administrative, economic centers of Kosovo and Metohija, as well as north and northwest part of Macedonia. Distance from this municipality from municipality of Urosevac is 30 km, municipality of Pristina 61 km, municipality of Prizren 34 km, meanwhile distance from cities in Macedonia is: Skopje 61 km, Tetovo 70 km. Štrpce municipality is situated at the center of mentioned cities, which is very important for further municipal economic development. It is also worth mentioning that in zone of 100 km distance from Štrpce there are a number of industrial and mining centers like Trepča - Kosovo mining-energetic basin, then Skopje, Uroševac, Prizren and Peć industrial basins. Traffic connection of Štrpce and Sirinić Valley as whole, the biggest importance has regional road Prevalac - Prizren - Štrpce - Uroševac which is used for bus traffic and trade. In past few years number of asphalt roads was constructed within the municipal territory, so almost all settlements are connected with center of the municipality.

Relief features and potential for using agriculture land are prerequisites for bloodstream of settlements’ network which are predominant valley’s type. In the total network of 16 settlements dominant municipal center Štrpce town. Most of the settlements are not urbanized and mainly not functionally integrated, with exception of Brezovica settlement where tourism assets are located and Štrpce as the center of municipality.

Diversity and attractive natural resources represents good potential for faster economic development of the municipality. Most valuable natural potentials of the municipality are environment values, climate features and untouched nature. Mountains with so called Alpine mountain relief, in upper part of mountain where there is snow up to 280 days during the year are just some of the advantages for the development of winter tourism. Šara Mountain offers possibility of preparing ski slopes for all types of winter sports fans, from novices to top professional skiers.

The lower parts with characteristics of the valley climate are rich with variety of the flora, lakes, caves etc. and offer possibilities for development of summer tourism as well. Beside tourism there are opportunities and natural recourses for development of agriculture and cattle-breading. Agriculture land takes 55 % of municipal territory (13 651 ha). Pastures cover 38,8% and meadows 25% of total agriculture land. Cultivable soil covers 18%, and small area is under orchards. Forests take 42% territory of the municipality (11 372 ha). Beech is the most widely spread tree, but one can come across cerris, white ash, birch and some other types of trees as well.

Above 1,600 m there are mixed and coniferous forests: pine, fir, spruce, juniper, as well as endemic trees like Pinus peucce, Pinus heldreicbii, Pinus mughus, Taxus baccota and some othersWhole territory of the municipality is reach with rivers, about 250 springs manifest presence of underground waters. The largest river is Lepenac which is made of two rivers - Tisova and Cerenacke river. There are number of mountain lakes out of which three are most popular - Livadičko, Strbačko i Jažinačko lake.

Demographic data

Current population is estimated at approximately 13.600 inhabitants, amongst them 9.100 Serb, 4.500 Albanian and 30 Roma (source: OSCE) with rare population density (60 inhabitants per 1 km2) which is common of mountain settlements. Main demography characteristics are low rate of population growth and multiethnic community. There are about 900 Serbian IDPs in Strpce municipality out of which 400 are accommodated in collective centers and the rest in private houses. Štrpce Municipality (Sirinić Valley) with 16 settlements is one of the smallest municipalities in Kosovo and Metohija, encompasses 248 km² what is about 2,3% of province territory. It is mainly mountain area where most developed economic branches are tourism and cattle breading. Out of 16 villages in the municipality, eighth are Serbian villages (Štrpce, Brezovica, Vrbeštica, Jažince, Berevce, Gotovuša, Sevce and Sušiće), four Albanian (Brod, Firaja, Ižance and Koštanjevo) and four are mixed villages (Viča, Drajkovce, Gornja and Donja Bitinja).

 

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